aliyah
the synagogue honor of being called to read from the Torah

Amidah
the exemplary prayer in the Rabbinic liturgy

attending behavior
the way you orient yourself physically in relation to another person in conversation, as well as the way you respond to what the other person is saying

Av Harahamim
Merciful Father

ba’asher hem sham
meeting people where they are

baraita
a source contemporary to the Mishnah and therefore of great authority

ben gilo
being able to establish a connection (one of several meanings)

bikkur holim
taking care of the ill; visiting the sick (from the Hebrew לבקר [levaker], “to visit,” and חולה [holeh/holah, pl. holim], “sick”)

birkat kohanim
priestly blessing

birkat yeladim
blessing for children

boundary
a rule (possibly unstated) that distinguishes acceptable from unacceptable behavior

brit milah
ritual circumcision

confidentiality
ensuring that information isn’t disclosed to people or processes that aren’t authorized to have it

dal
dejected

fusion (also known as enmeshment or lack of differentiation)
when a person sets aside individual choices in the service of achieving harmony within the system

Gehinnom
Hell

Gemara
the Talmud

gemilut hasadim
acts of kindness

halakhah
authorized Jewish practice

hevruta
study partner; paired study

hesed
love, kindness, or grace

Hilkhot Avel
Laws of Mourning (in Mishneh Torah)

holah, holeh
sick person

kiddush
the sanctification prayer inaugurating the Jewish Sabbath, recited over a cup of wine

lishmah
learning for the sake of learning

malakh hamavet
angel of death

Mazel tov!
Congratulations! (or) Many more!

mi sheberakh
“the One who blesses”; prayer for the sick

mi-dalah
pining sickness

midrashmidrashim (pl.)
Rabbinic interpretation of scripture

Midrash, the Midrash
a classical compilation of midrashim

Mishneh Torah
Maimonides’ major work, one of the most important Jewish Law codes, composed in the 12th century CE

mitzvah, mitzvot (pl.)
commandment

mitzvot aseh
positive commandments

Na’aman
Syrian general whose friends healed his leprosy

Nedarim
vows

nihum avelim
comforting mourners

Rambam
Maimonides (Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon), Spain, Egypt, 1135–1204

Rehoboam
King of Judah whose friends divided his kingdom

Rema
Rabbi Moses Isserles, a 16th-century Ashkenazi commentator on the Shulhan Arukh

Rofe Holim
Healer of the Sick

se’if
section of the Shulhan Arukh

Selihot
prayers petitioning God for forgiveness

self-differentiation
a person’s ability to simultaneously be emotionally connected to a significant relationship system and function autonomously by making her or her own choices

Shekhinah
divine Presence

shema koli
communication skills

sheva berakhot
the wedding blessings

Shulhan Arukh
(“The Set Table”) the major Code of Jewish Law, written by Rabbi Joseph Caro in 1563

simhat bat
a modern naming ceremony for baby girls

sugya, sugyot (pl.)
section

tallit
prayer shawl

talmud torah
the study of Jewish texts

triangle                                                   
a situation in which a third person is pulled into a relationship between two (or more) people that has nothing to do with the person

tze u-lemad
go and study

tzedakah
charity, alms

tzelem
image

u-velekhtekha vaderekh
walk in God’s ways

yom tov
any of the annual Jewish festivals

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